Moroccan-American relations are based on constants where historical, political and economic dimensions intersect (University)

Wednesday, March 31, 2021 at 0:09 AM Rabat – Moroccan-American relations are founded on solid foundations, in which historical, political and economic dimensions intersect, able to anticipate their future and broaden their perspectives, said the professor of international law at Mohammed V University in Rabat, Tajeddine Houssaini. Guest of the Policy Center for the New South (PCNS) within the framework of the weekly program “Les Mardis du PCNS”, Mr. Houssaini reviewed the decisive historical stages in the relations between the two countries, noting that Morocco was the first country to recognize in 1977 the independence of the United States of America under the era of Sultan Sidi Mohammed ben Abdallah. This recognition was not an isolated event in the course of Moroccan-American relations since ten years later, the two countries signed the Treaty of Peace and Friendship as a cornerstone in the framework of bilateral relations, a continued the academic, specifying that the development of bilateral relations “was not based on the recognition of one party in its confrontation with another, but rather on cooperative relations recognizing the United States of America as a State and on the protection of its territorial integrity ”. One of the foundations of Moroccan-American relations is that the Kingdom banned the single party in its first adopted Constitution and chose to move away from state capitalism by subjecting its system to economic liberalism, he continued. , explaining that this trend was not temporary or circumstantial. In this regard, Mr. Houssaini indicated that the current US President Joe Biden welcomed the recognition by the Kingdom of the United States of America during a visit to Morocco in 2014, noting that the same thing was repeated. with former President Donald Trump in the decree recognizing the Moroccan character of the Moroccan Sahara. Whatever the difference in the means of work between the Democratic and Republican parties, the essential remains constant, namely “the protection of American interests in the first place”, affirmed the academic. After declaring that the decision of the United States to recognize the Moroccan character of the Sahara is not in contradiction with the Charter of the United Nations nor with the treatment of the file by the Security Council and the Secretary General, the professor of international law has noted that the Security Council considers since 2007 the Moroccan proposal for autonomy in the southern provinces of the Kingdom as a serious, credible and realistic solution and calls in its decisions for a political solution based on negotiations just as it refutes the question of referendum which was abandoned. Mr. Houssaini believes that the American decision confirms the new dynamic of the Security Council in its approach to the conflict, stressing that it “constitutes a fundamental turning point in the resolution of this file to put an end to this conflict which has lasted for more than four years. decades ”. In terms of strategic relations between Morocco and the United States, the academic considered that the two countries share a common interest which is illustrated for Morocco in the control of the balance of forces at the regional level, and for the United States to have a strategic ally in this region of the world, evoking in this sense the importance of military and security cooperation between the two countries, especially in the current circumstances, a cooperation which, according to him, “s ‘imposes because the international community could return to the cold war in view of a potential confrontation between the Western liberal world against China and Russia ”. In the economic register, Mr. Houssaini estimated that Morocco is a serious partner of the United States in the field of investments and economic relations because of its privileged location on the shores of the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, and its political stability. and social in comparison with the rest of the countries of the region, in addition to its proximity to the markets, stressing that the attributes available to the Kingdom make it the gateway to the African continent and position it at the top of the countries’ investors. West Africa, and second on the whole continent after South Africa.