Following in the footsteps of the United States after their recognition on December 10 of the full sovereignty of Morocco over its Sahara would be for European countries a “historic step, which will open up new perspectives for the region”, estimated Mohamed Ahmed Gain, president. of the African Institute for Peacebuilding and Conflict Transformation. The American decision, which is part of a regional and international dynamic, is a “courageous step” and a “historic opportunity that European states must seize, in line with their support for serious and credible efforts by Morocco. , which has always departed from the rotting strategy chosen by Algeria, to reach a final political solution to the regional dispute over the Sahara ”, the Moroccan academic said in an interview with the MAP on the eve of a virtual conference on the theme “Threat of the Polisario for the Euro-Mediterranean region: an undeniable responsibility of Algeria”, organized jointly by the Institute foresight and security in Europe (IPSE) and the Mandela Institute. “Like the United States, European countries are well aware that a failed micro-state will be a lasting source of instability. From all points of view, it would be a puppet state, with no other function than that of serving Algeria’s hegemonist agenda, ”he said. Returning to the situation of the Sahrawi populations sequestered in Tindouf, Mohamed Ahmed Gain observed that the academic and research community has always alerted the international community to the exceptional situation experienced by the populations of the Tindouf camps due to violations. serious matters of Algeria to international humanitarian law. “The international community is now facing the blackout imposed by Algeria on the Tindouf camps. Algeria is blocking the census of the populations of the Tindouf camps and the assessment of their needs in terms of humanitarian and international protection ”, he underlined. He added that the UN Security Council has not stopped calling, since 2011, Algeria to comply with its obligations by authorizing the census of the populations of the Tindouf camps, recalling that the UNHCR has “recognized that it is because of Algeria that the census has still not taken place ”. If this census has not taken place, continues the president of the African Institute for the consolidation of peace and the transformation of conflicts, it is because Algeria is afraid that the inflated and fictitious figures that it has invented to camouflage the diversion of humanitarian aid and the enrichment of the Polisario apparatchiks are not revealed in broad daylight. The international community must act together to reveal the tragic situation experienced by the populations of the Tindouf camps and allow these populations to regain their motherland and thus contribute to the development of their region, he said, noting that Algeria will have to assume its responsibilities before the international community for having sequestered the populations of the camps for several decades in indescribable conditions. “The responsibility of Algeria in the genesis, the evolution and the persistence of this dispute is established on the political, diplomatic, military, and humanitarian plans”, observes the academic for whom it is about a ” imprescriptible liability ”. “It is Algeria which created the Polisario in 1973. And it is Algeria which arms and finances the Polisario and mobilizes its entire diplomatic apparatus in the service of separatist theses”, he insists, adding that Algiers has spared no means within the framework of its “diplomacy of the checkbook” to make admit, with blows of petrodollars, the pseudo-SADR to the Organization of African Unity today the AU, in flagrant violation of its Charter, and wrest recognition from this entity which does not enjoy any attribute of a State under international law. In his eyes, Algeria is “the official spokesperson” of the separatists, noting that the eastern neighbor must play a role commensurate with its historical responsibility, because it is he who created, nurtured and maintained the regional dispute over the Moroccan Sahara. “Algeria must today present, before the international community, its vision to reach a definitive solution”, notes Mohamed Ahmed Gain, adding that aware of this historic responsibility, the Security Council, and through it the international community , demands Algeria to remain engaged in a spirit of realism and compromise in the process of round tables, as the main party to the dispute over the Sahara. “The key to closing this dispute lies in Algiers, but we must question whether Algeria is ready to move forward, given its difficult internal situation, marked by a challenge that does not weaken from one point of view. regime in decline ”, he concludes.