Contractualization: The original sin of PJD governments

The PJD relied on a religious frame of reference and an emblem supposed to symbolize the will to lead Morocco towards a bright future to establish itself as the majority party in 2011. However, ten years after their arrival at the helm, the finding is unequivocal . The failure is obvious and the break with a majority of citizens is real. We can even speak of a yawning abyss. Yes, the lamp has lost its shine. There is nothing luminous about it anymore. Worse, it ended up darkening the social climate in a country severely shaken by the health crisis. Successive Pjdist governments have not ceased to work to dismantle many social gains, which has allowed us to discover the true face of this party, that of a hard right wing, opportunist and careless of the interests. general. Among the expressions of this bitter failure there are, of course, the marches and demonstrations which punctuate the Moroccan street and whose actors are hundreds of teachers with precarious status, victims, according to them, of a state injustice. Contractualization is, in fact, the parade designed and imposed by the PJD to accelerate the dismantling of Moroccan public education. However, this original sin of the PJD needed two parts for it to be consummated! On the one hand, there were idle graduates looking for an opportunity to get a job. The offer coming from the State was, for them, the ideal opportunity to put a foot in the stirrup and to gently make a place for themselves in the public service. This very “Moroccan” way of acting, wrapped in catch-all expressions of the style “sir âala Allah” and “menhna henna rabbi tamma”, attaches very little importance to the legal reality of the signed contract which stipulates , however, the limited duration of employment. On the other side of the table, there were political decision-makers convinced or encouraged by international contractors of the need to privatize the educational offer in Morocco, starting with the precariousness of the status of the teacher. This measure is surprising to say the least, especially since it emanates from a party allegedly of a religious reference. Like many citizens, I would have hoped to see the PJD make public education its hobbyhorse, at least out of fidelity to the old adage reported by the books of fiqh and which insists on the need for learning “from the cradle to the grave “. Alas, there are often gaps between principles and actions! The ten years of pjdist governance have ended up bringing public education to its knees, which must, however, be a sovereign mission and an immutable responsibility of the State. It is even the essential criterion for the development of a country because the future of a people is closely linked to the common basis of quality education, free and open to all citizens regardless of their living standards and places of residence. residence. The decision to contract hundreds of teaching jobs therefore responded to the desire to weaken public schools, which would pave the way for private education, which has become one of the most lucrative money pumps in the world. Morocco. So what can be done to get out of the contractualization crisis? How to put an end to it without setting a dangerous precedent? First of all, it is imperative to stop responding with police batons to demonstrators. A State that aspires to a just and peaceful democratic life must favor dialogue and make legitimate violence the ultimate response to a social demand. Intellectual probity invites us to recognize the wrongs specific to each party. The contract teachers were well aware of the temporary and ephemeral nature of their engagement. To make it an injustice, after the fact, is obviously the desire to force the hand of the public authorities and calls into question an essential rule of the Labor Code. And it is not to educated teachers, no doubt, that we should remind this fundamental legal principle. However, original sin has given rise to a host of complex social situations. The teachers under contract have, since the beginning of their missions, built a family life and many are those who have embarked on real estate purchases. In short, they continued to dig the furrow of their life and to end it brutally would imply the endangering of several families. On this basis, the general interest requires the Pjdist government to find a solution in line with the situation. The integration of these contractual teachers is essential. This is the fairest solution not only to these people, but also to show citizens that the original sin that led to this serious dysfunction was a mistake. Courage in politics does not go hand in hand with stubbornness. Acknowledging one’s mistakes is rather a sign of maturity and a promise for a fairer policy. Education is not a sector that can be privatized, at least not as the issue is dealt with in Morocco. The only difference that should exist between the public and the private is in the ancillary services such as extra-curricular outings and the quality of the meals in the canteen. But in both formulas, the students follow the same program designed by the supervisory ministry. Morocco’s wealth is essentially based on its youth. Making it a priority means laying the foundations for a better future for the whole country. An important clarification is in order: the public school is not intended to create civil servants! Obtaining such a prestigious diploma should not guarantee, de facto, a right to a post in the public service. The school is there to provide all citizens with the necessary weapons to access the labor market as properly as possible. At the same time, the State must act, constantly, on all the levers so that each citizen can obtain a job and it is up to each one to rub shoulders with the competition to get there. Of course the right to a job is guaranteed by the Constitution. But except in totalitarian countries where work is imposed on everyone, this constitutional right is, in reality, a wishful thinking or rarely granted, including in the most advanced countries. As a conclusion to this contribution, only efficient public education and an economic policy concerned with increasing the number of job offers can put an end to the endemic unemployment crisis which is hitting huge crowds of Moroccan youth hard. By Mohamed Lmoubariki Historian residing in France