Green March: the Royal speech highlighted the contours of Moroccan diplomatic doctrine on the subject of the territorial integrity of the Kingdom

Tuesday, November 9, 2021 at 10:46 pm Rabat – The speech addressed by HM King Mohammed VI to the Nation on the occasion of the 46th anniversary of the Green March “was in all respects a founding speech that highlighted clearly the contours of the Moroccan diplomatic doctrine on the subject of our territorial integrity and reinforced it by a global political perspective ”, affirmed Tuesday the Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Cooperation and Moroccans Residing Abroad, Nasser Bourita. Mr. Bourita, who was answering a central question about developments in the national cause during the weekly oral questioning session in the House of Councilors, stressed that the Royal speech also constituted a well-defined roadmap for consecrate the Moroccan character of the Sahara and immunize the gains made by Morocco in international forums, just as it represents an “indicator initiating a new phase of the global national mobilization behind HM the King within the framework of a long-term vision , conceived by the Sovereign, with a view to moving forward, with force and firmness, for the final settlement of the artificial regional conflict around the Moroccan character of the Sahara ”. In this context, the Minister highlighted the unprecedented accumulation of “serene and constructive” developments that the national cause recently experienced as HM the King underlined, adding that the diplomatic doctrine, as defined by the Sovereign on the subject of this dossier in His last speech, is broken down into three axes, the first of which relates to the fact that the Moroccan character of the Sahara is an immutable and irreversible reality, consecrated at the international level thanks to the decisive achievements made by Morocco in over the past few years, which has “conferred on diplomatic action a credibility reinforced by the consensus of all the components of the Nation and the cohesion of all its active forces, mobilized behind HM the King”. The second axis, continued the minister, consists in the fact that Morocco, which in no way negotiates about its Sahara, is constructively engaged in the UN process in order to reach a peaceful and final political solution to this regional dispute. artificial within the framework of Moroccan sovereignty and the territorial integrity of the Kingdom, while the third axis relates to the overall development process of the southern provinces “to which HM the King watches within the framework of His vision with the ambition of develop these dear provinces and make them a locomotive for the implementation of advanced regionalization, with all that it offers in terms of development prospects and real political participation ”. Regarding the axis inherent in the consecration of the Moroccan character of the Sahara, the Minister explained that it is an immutable, inalienable and non-negotiable reality, specifying that HM the King “affirmed with firmness and determination that the Moroccan character of the Sahara is an immutable and indisputable reality, by the force of history, the legitimacy, the will of its sons and a wide and growing international recognition ”. Mr. Bourita considered that this clear Royal confirmation is intended to be a strong and clear message to everyone to remove any ambiguity and challenge any erroneous interpretation of the national position of the Kingdom of Morocco, affirming that the management of the Moroccan Sahara issue takes place within the framework of the full and non-negotiable sovereignty of Morocco over its Sahara and of the autonomy initiative as the only solution for the settlement of this artificial conflict. He added that Morocco highly welcomes the continued consecration of the representative legitimacy of the elected representatives of the Moroccan Sahara within the international community and the UN bodies, noting that the participation of the legitimate elected representatives of the southern provinces has been cemented by a official invitation of the United Nations for the third time in a row to participate in the work of the relevant commissions and conferences of the General Assembly as representatives of this integral part of the territory of the Kingdom and of its people. In this regard, the minister affirmed that the representatives of the southern provinces will continue to participate, as was the case previously, in the round tables devoted by the Security Council as the sole mechanism for reaching a hoped-for political solution. Regarding the second axis concerning the Moroccan diplomacy doctrine on the subject of the territorial integrity of the Kingdom, Mr. Bourita clarified that Morocco, while being convinced that the Moroccan character of the Sahara is not to be negotiated, is “committed constructively to find a solution to the artificial regional conflict, originating from a neighboring state opposed to the legitimate rights of Morocco for the completion of its territorial integrity. He affirmed in this context that Morocco’s attachment to the political process led by the UN is based on its clear announcement that “the Moroccan character of the Sahara will never be on the agenda of any negotiation” like the HM King Mohammed VI underlined in his speech, noting that these negotiations are mainly to achieve a peaceful settlement of this artificial regional conflict. Based on this logic, he observed, Morocco pledged to give its full support to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and his new Personal Envoy Staffan de Mistura in order to end to this artificial conflict within the framework of the autonomy initiative and “nothing else”. Mr. Bourita recalled that the Security Council in its last decision confirmed Morocco’s position by reaffirming the preeminence of the Moroccan autonomy initiative and by rejecting all other outdated approaches or theses that some parties are still trying to revive. Likewise, he continued, the Council welcomed the dynamics emanating from the two round tables which took place in Geneva, by explicitly confirming that the form of the round tables in the presence of the stakeholders in this regional dispute, remains the only one. a tool to move forward in the political process, despite the fierce opposition of certain parties to these round tables, expressed during the discussions of the Security Council. The Minister insisted in this context on the fact that the executive body of the UN also underlined the importance of the effective participation of all the parties really concerned by this regional dispute by mentioning them by name more than six times, “Despite the maneuvers and pressure exerted by one party on the members of the Security Council in an attempt to minimize its role and disavow its responsibility. He also emphasized the determinants and references of the UN process aimed at finding a pragmatic, realistic, lasting and consensual political solution, “which means that any unrealistic and unworkable solution will not be firmly considered as a resolution. to this artificial dispute. Mr. Bourita noted that the Security Council drew attention to the illegal renunciation by the “Polisario” militias of the ceasefire, in force since 1991, calling on them to cease acts endangering security. and the stability of the region. The Security Council also insisted on the importance of carrying out a census of the populations of the Tindouf camps, making clear reference to the responsibility of the host country, knowing that it has already warned about the humanitarian situation and the violation of human rights. the men of this population, as well as the structured diversion of humanitarian aid intended for the kidnapped. Morocco will continue to work constructively with the special envoy “within the framework of the references of the Security Council and within the framework of the determinants and red lines of the Kingdom, whether with regard to the parties concerned by the conflict, or to arrive at a solution, or with regard to the determinants of this solution ”, affirmed the Minister By evoking the 3rd axis of this diplomatic doctrine, whose foundations are determined by the Sovereign in His speech, Mr. Bourita noted that this axis is linked to the development of the southern provinces of the Kingdom, specifying that this is also an option to resolve this issue. The Royal speech highlighted the positive developments in the Sahara affair, which also reinforce the sustained development dynamic in the southern provinces, he said, noting that in this regard, Morocco was able to , under the enlightened leadership of His Majesty the King, launch an effective development dynamic that has enabled the mobilization of significant investments likely to develop human capital, enhance the products of southern regions and their natural resources and provide support for infrastructure as well as investment in the economic fabric. Mr. Bourita said that His Majesty the King underlined that Morocco has international partners in good faith who, in all clarity and transparency, invest alongside the national private sector and thus contribute to the well-being of the population, noting that the Sovereign has clearly indicated that with those who display vague or ambivalent positions, Morocco will not engage in any economic or commercial approach that would exclude the Moroccan Sahara. At the same time, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Cooperation and Moroccans Residing Abroad affirmed that the kingdom will continue the implementation of the advanced regionalization project as a strategic choice based on the far-sighted vision of HM the King and enriching the development trajectory of the southern provinces, like the other regions of the Kingdom. He also stressed that government policies will continue their approach aimed at strengthening infrastructure and socio-economic projects in the Saharan provinces and enhancing their attractiveness for foreign direct investments, so that they can become the gateway to the continent. Africa and an important economic development platform in the region. Thus, the developments of the national cause require, more than ever, the continuation of the engagement of all the living forces and their full mobilization behind HM the King, in order to defend the territorial integrity and to face the desperate maneuvers of the enemies of the Kingdom, concluded the Minister, while welcoming the crucial role played by parliamentary diplomacy and the efforts made by the representatives of the nation for the defense of the national cause, within the framework of parliamentary and parallel diplomacy.