Cherkaoui Roudani: Instead of settling down and being in tune with the recommendations and resolutions of the international community, the Algerian regime persists and trumpets a bellicose speech

Libé: The 4th Committee of the UN General Assembly adopted, last Tuesday (09 November 2021), a resolution reaffirming its support for the political process carried out under the exclusive aegis of the United Nations for the settlement of the regional dispute around the Moroccan Sahara. How important is this resolution, especially since it comes a few days after the resolution taken by the Security Council? Chekaoui Roudani: The 4th Commission is a structure that is part of the UN bodies and is responsible for decolonization issues. The importance of the resolution it adopted last Tuesday lies in the fact that today there are several States in Latin America, Africa and several regions of the world which are beginning to assimilate the sovereignty of the Kingdom of Morocco over its southern provinces as a very important parameter for regional and sub-regional security. For example, Chile, Cuba and Venezuela are now defending very advanced positions. This is the first time that these three countries have made the link between security in the region and Morocco’s full sovereignty over its Saharan provinces. Better yet, this new resolution comes a few days after the adoption of resolution 2602 which marks a decisive turning point in the Moroccan Sahara affair, because it enshrines the round table process and defines, once and for all, its four participants, namely Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania and the Polisario, even if the Algerian regime refuses to assume its responsibilities in this affair. We can say that with the resolution of the Security Council 2602 and that of the Fourth Committee, the plan of the Algerian regime is exposed. The resolution of the 4th Committee constitutes another setback for the Algerian military-political regime which is increasingly isolated on the international scene. Until when will this regime continue to ignore these calls from the international community? The Moroccan Sahara affair is a regional geopolitical conflict. There is a rivalry between Morocco and Algeria which is explained more by the asymmetry in development, image as well as anthropogeography as an immutable benchmark of Moroccan power. To understand Algeria’s foreign policy vis-à-vis the Sahara issue, we must try to analyze the decision-making process and the internal political dynamics of the Algerian power which has undergone a metamorphosis in recent years and deeper into a deep multidimensional crisis. This explains why Algeria has lost the strategic compass and is sailing on sight in terms of its foreign policy and its internal policy, especially after the diplomatic setbacks it suffered in the Sahara affair and others of order. geopolitics in the sub-region. But, instead of settling down and being in tune with the recommendations and resolutions of the international community, the Algerian regime persists and trumpets a bellicose speech towards its western neighbor. It is a headlong rush to disengage from its responsibilities in creating this artificial conflict. In recent days, several foreign media, especially European media (Le Point, La Razon, La Repubblica, DW) have strongly criticized the Algerian regime, which is looking for alibis to plunge the region into war. Does this not reflect the concern of Europeans over the bellicose intentions of the regime of senile generals? Everyone knows that the Algiers regime has long held a warlike discourse towards Morocco, which it has intensified since the United States recognized the sovereignty of Morocco over its Sahara. It should be remembered that in a year and a half, the Algerian High Security Council held nearly 17 meetings, sometimes sanctioned by communiques hostile to the Kingdom. It is clear that the Algerian regime, through its bellicose speech, seeks to push the Maghreb region into chaos and conflict. And given the situation in which the Sahelo-Saharan region is stuck with the rise of terrorist attacks, the international community expresses its concern to see the Maghreb region sink into insecurity and instability. Resolution 2602 as well as that of the 4th Committee of the UN General Assembly reiterate this commitment of the international community in favor of the Moroccan character of the Sahara. It is for this reason that the community defends the political process and opts for a realistic and achievable political solution to end this artificial conflict. The European media, which reflect the state of mind of public opinion, consider this amateurism of the Algerian regime as a serious threat to the security and stability of the Maghreb region, which borders with several geopolitical areas, namely the Mediterranean, Atlantic and sub-Saharan Africa. Interview by Tabet Mourad