Resolution 1514 and the definitive decolonization of the Moroccan Sahara

By Hassan Alaoui This Tuesday, December 14 commemorates the 61st anniversary of the UN Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples. Voted by the General Assembly under the name of Resolution 1514, it was entrusted to the famous 4th Committee in charge of Political Affairs. This resolution, celebrated as one of the most important of the United Nations, was adopted when Algeria was not yet liberated from French colonization, was not a constituted State nor appeared on the annals of the organization, world and even less this bunch of Polisario that Boumediene will shake fifteen years later like a scarecrow against Morocco. Following its independence in 1956, the Kingdom of Morocco had already made its claim to its southern territories under Spanish occupation. In doing so, it was registered, de jure and de facto, in the spirit of Resolution 1514 well and well before the propagandists of Algiers easily believed to recover and take over a dozen years later, by creating the problem of the Sahara and the Polisario. However, to look at it closely, both at the level of the modus operandi of the Algerian government and the content of the famous Resolution 1514, it is an irrepressible desire to harm Morocco. In paragraph 5, Resolution 1514 that the Algerian government has never ceased to brandish, it is specified that when two parties in conflict, in this case the occupying country and the occupied one resort to direct negotiations, excluding violence and open conflict, neither the UN nor any other party has the right to a chapter or to say anything. Until 1975, Morocco tried to engage in a responsible dialogue with Franco’s Spain, the latter having even met on July 6, 1963 at Barajas airport, in Madrid, King Hassan II with the objective of lead Spain to an agreement on the Sahara. This interview, described as historic, took place four months before the Algerian government of Ahmed Ben Bella launched its armed offensive against the Moroccan towns of Figuig, thus denouncing the agreement signed in July 1961 by Farhat Abbas, then president of the GPRA ( Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic) with King Hassan II in Rabat, stipulating the recovery by Morocco of the south-eastern territories arbitrarily annexed by France to Algeria. Morocco was, so to speak, dismantled in the east by the usurpation of Tindouf, Bechar, Saoura, Tidikelt, Kenadssa. In the west, it fights against the aggressions of expansionist Algeria to defend its Sahara. No more no less. However, the falsification of Resolution 1514 on the principle of self-determination instrumentalised by Algeria does not make us forget its bad faith: it had been voted two years before this country became independent in July 1962. It is all the more more explicit and clear in its content that it obviously reinforces the principle of peaceful negotiations between two entities in conflict, in other words it enshrines the principle of dialogue and settlement without the intervention of any other force, without any reason for war either. A few weeks ago, the American government did invoke the text of the tripartite agreement, signed on November 14, 1975 by Morocco, Spain and Mauritania, which it duly endorsed and therefore approved. This agreement cannot be rejected by Algeria on the fallacious pretext that it opposes its regional hegemonism. The Madrid agreement of November 1975 literally ended the Spanish colonization of the Moroccan Sahara. It was ratified by the UN General Assembly in December 1975, a month after its signature, in other words it remains in accordance with strict international legality, even though the propagandists of Algiers would insist on denying it its legal force. The Madrid agreement, an illustration of a complete decolonization if ever there was one, remains the very interpretation of Resolution 1514, because it resolves the problem of the restitution of the Moroccan Sahara by Spain, by means of ‘a direct negotiation without striking a blow.