Tayeb Himdi: Monkeypox, a viral disease not yet worrying for Morocco

The discovery of cases of monkeypox (Monkeypox), in Europe and North America, “is not yet worrying for the moment either for Morocco or for other countries”, assured the policy and systems researcher. of health, Dr. Tayeb Himdi. “These cases of smallpox are triggering health alerts and a health watch on this subject from the health authorities of the World Health Organization (WHO), in view of the discovery of more and more cases. in Europe and North America”, explained Mr. Himdi in an article entitled “Health situation and alerts to monitor and follow, but without reason for concern at the moment, neither for Morocco nor for other countries”. In this context, Mr. Himdi pointed out that this viral disease is a virus that is transmitted from infected animals, especially primates and rodents, specifically in Central and West Africa, whose tropical forests are humid and where there are more cases infected from animals or transmitted to humans. What makes the news about this viral disease, which has been known for seven decades and which is “specific to a given region in Africa”, is the discovery of more and more cases in Europe or the USA, he said. noted, adding that the specific mode of transmission in these cases is the primary reason for investigation and surveillance. The cases that have been discovered are linked to three families of symptoms: flu-like, swollen lymphadenopathy and lesions on the skin, he noted, noting that with regard to the flu-like, the symptoms are classic such as fever, headache, muscle and/or joint pain and fatigue. “For adenopathies, you will notice swelling in the neck and all over the body, while the lesions on the skin will be seen a few days after the first symptoms, in the form of vesicles and pustules resembling the one we seen in the past with smallpox”, he continued, explaining that smallpox is a disease that was eradicated more than 40 years ago thanks to vaccination, and which is of the same family of virus and the lesions more or less resembles that of chickenpox. In this regard, the researcher explained that the cases discovered essentially concern homosexuals, however, this does not in any way mean that it is a sexually transmitted disease. For the expert, human-to-human transmission of this virus is generally limited, and transmission of the virus from animals to humans can occur either by touching the blood or any other biological fluids of infected animals, or through the breathing or close contact. “The fact that this virus currently affects a specific group does not mean that other modes of contamination are not possible,” he noted. “That’s why there are research and investigations, in order to see precisely how and why this disease is transmitted in this way”, underlined the researcher. On this register, Mr. Himdi indicated that following these symptoms, the evolution of the disease is favorable, even benign, ensuring that the majority of infected cases recover after 2 to 4 weeks of the evolution of the virus. “In young children, sometimes it becomes serious, while the WHO estimates that the fatality rate is 1 to 10% for those affected,” he said. According to the researcher, there is no specific treatment for this virus, nor vaccine, the fact remains that the vaccine against smallpox is 90% effective against Monkeypox, but therefore the eradication of smallpox, the production of the vaccine against the latter is no longer produced. He called on people experiencing these symptoms to come to the consultation and be referred to the health authorities of the countries concerned, to follow up and determine the exact mode of transmission and its causes. And to conclude, that the cases currently discovered are under investigation in order to understand and see, why this transmissibility? How is this virus transmitted between humans? Is there a role for animals? Is there a human-to-human transmissibility that is becoming easier and easier compared to the past? Is there a mutation of the virus? Are there other conditions that caused this virus to start spreading at this rate?